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An Ancient History Primer . . .


For any reader interested in an overall understanding of ancient history, Genevieve Foster’s Augustus Caesar’s World presents an engaging, entertaining, and fascinating look at the seminal events and persons of the major empires of antiquity.  Written using her innovative “horizontal history” approach, Foster takes the reader into the personal lives of such notable persons as Herod, Cleopatra, Octavian, Antony, Brutus, and of course, Julius Caesar. Beyond Rome, readers will be introduced to the lives of Siddhartha,  Confucius, Gamaliel, Horace, Cicero, Vergil and more.  The book opens with the intrigue involved in the plot to assassinate Caesar, but extends far beyond that to the seminal figures of Ancient China, Persia, India, Israel and more.  For a more extensive introduction to this wonderful book,  see Kerry Walter’s review at  For those new to a study of ancient history, or those just needing  a refresher course, this is a delightful choice.

Augustus Caesar’s World

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What is the heroic quest?

The Heroic Quest is an important literary device that allows readers to identify the consistent and recurring motifs that form epic literature.  Analyzing literature using the elements of the heroic quest enables readers to see the deeper meanings inherent in classic literature.  Basic elements of the heroic quest are as follows:

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Ancient History for little ones . . .

Since I am currently immersed in the civilization of the ancients, I will be posting the best books I’ve found for teaching this period of history to your students. From the Epic of Gilgamesh, to D’Aulaire’s Greek Myths, to The Story of Jonah by Peter Spier, there exists a

wealth of gorgeous children’s books in this category.  This was not always the case particularly for the youngest student, as the offerings were slim to none.  It was often the case that the only beautifully illustrated and lyrically written books for young children on ancient times were Bible stories.  While this is an important element of ancient study, there were few books that presented the ancient civilizations of Sumer, Greece, Egypt, Persia, China, etc.  This situation has changed for the better, and now those wishing to use children’s literature to teach this important subject have much more to choose from.  Here are a few of my favorites:

Gilgamesh the Hero by Geraldine McCaughrean–this abridged and edited edition of civilization’s first epic is delightfully retold by the award-winning and expert lyrical crafts-woman McCaughrean.  This epic is important for the literary elements it introduces (see What is the Heroic Quest? in my other posts), and for the fact that it is mankind’s first recorded epic work.  It is a clear reflection of Sumerian ideology and many elements within this story are also reflected in Biblical narratives as well.  The story of Utnapishtim is another telling of the biblical flood story of Noah.  Contrasting Utnapishtim’s story with Noah’s makes for a wonderful exercise in world views.

Another all-time favorite of mine for this period of history is Peter Spier’s Book of Jonah.  While the story of Jonah is a seminal part of our cultural heritage, not until I read Spier’s edition did I really understand the story behind the story.  What the bible doesn’t tell us is that Jonah feared going to Nineveh because Nineveh was the seat of the hated Assyrian Empire.  Known for their cruelty and draconian punishments, Jonah’s fear is completely understandable.  Mr. Spier’s lovely watercolors and thorough back matter make this book an essential part of an ancient history study.

For Ancient Greece the inimitable classic of Greek mythology continues to be D’Aulaire’s Greek Myths by Ingri and Edgar Parin d’Aulaire.  This husband-wife author/illustrator team first won acclaim when they published the Caldecott Medal winner of 1940–Abraham Lincoln.  Using an old-world craft of stone lithography, the artists managed to imbue their illustrations with a lovely depth of color and beauty.  While their book on the Greek myths does not reflect that craft very well, it does present their classical background and their ability to make an extensive pantheon understandable to the lay reader.  They also have a homey and comfortable understanding of what is appropriate for the young reader and thus, make these tales suitable for even the very young.